Chichilticalli
Tracking Coronado

I ran a lot of different scenerios this weekend and just frustrating because nothing really fits perfectly.

There are three places in the area where mountain ranges appear to “turn west” and must be crossed over to get to the level land on the other side as it is said the Coronado expedition did. The junction of the Rincons and Catalinas and Reddington Pass, the junction of the Chiricahuas and Dos Cabazas at Apache Pass and the Pinalenos and Santa Teresas at Eagle Pass. Reddington Pass would not allow them to continue North or North-West for two days as Jaramillo says, Eagle Pass is just too far north and does not account for the deep and reedy river or two days travel to the San Juan. My only problem with Apache Pass is the distance to the Nexpa (San Pedro), it’s something like 50 miles across there, I am sure that 25 miles a day is not impossible (the horses were said to be tired at Chichilticalli) but I seriously doubt they made that kind of time, they averaged something like 12.5 miles a day between Corozones and Chichilticalli.

There are only so many north flowing rivers in the area, Santa Cruz, San Pedro and San Simon, then you need to calculate two days travel east from there to the foot of the mountains (where the land turns west). Then, crossing those mountains there should be a deep and reedy river thereshould be two days of relatively uneventfull northward travel to the Gila.

The route over Apache Pass matches this pattern best, like I said, it’s too long on the distance between the San Pedro and the mountains but Jaramillo said he could be wrong on some of the distances (he wrote his acount many years later). Eagle Pass is way too far north, remember they only traveled north along the Nexpa for two days and there should be two or three days of travel and a river between the mountains and the Gila.

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About Andy Ward

I am an independent researcher, writer and artist interested in all things Southwestern. Southeast Arizona is my home and area of primary interest.

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